Montenegro (Montenegrin: Crna Gora, Црна Гора) is a country in the Balkans, on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo to the east, and Albania to the south. To the west of Montenegro is the Adriatic Sea.
Montenegro's tourism suffered greatly from Yugoslavia's tragic civil war in the 1990s. In recent years, along with the stabilized situation in the region, tourism in Montenegro has begun to recover, and Montenegro is being re-discovered by tourists from around the globe.
In 2007, the country received peak level of tourism which almost reached pre-war volumes. As a result, many roads have been renovated (reducing driving time) and many hotels have been constructed or renovated.
Montenegro's southern areas along the coast enjoy a Mediterranean climate, having dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Central and northern regions have Continental climate, where temperature varies greatly with elevation. Podgorica, lying near sea level in the valley of the central region, is noted for having the warmest July temperatures in Montenegro, averaging 35-40°C (95-104 F).
Cetinje, in the Karst at an elevation of 670m (2,200 ft), has a temperature 5°C (10 F) lower. January temperatures range from 8°C (46 F) from Bar on the southern coast to -3°C (27 F) in the northern region.
Montenegro's mountainous regions receive some of the highest amounts of rainfall in Europe. In the northern mountains, snow is present throughout the spring.
The terrain of Montenegro ranges from high mountains through a segment of the Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only one to four miles wide. The coastal plain disappears completely in the north, where Mount Lovcen and other ranges plunge abruptly into the inlet of the Gulf of Kotor.
Montenegro's section of the Karst lies generally at elevations of just below 1,000m (3,000 ft) above sea level-although some areas rise to 1800m (6,000 ft). The lowest segment is in the valley of the Zeta River, which flows at an elevation of 460m (1,500 ft).
The high mountains of Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe. They average more than 2,100m (7,000 ft) in elevation.
Montenegro was founded as a state under its present name in 15th century, continuing the tradition of the Slavic state of Duklja. It was able to maintain its independence during the reign of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans, as its independence was formally acknowledged at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
After the World War I, fighting for the Allied powers, it was absorbed into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which later became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. Montenegro was also later part of various incarnations of Yugoslavia, until it regained its full independence from the federation of Serbia-Montenegro on the June 2006 referendum.
Montenegro was the only subsequent republic of the former Yugoslavia that supported Serbia during the wars of the Former Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
The capital city of Montenegro located at the very centre of the country makes it a good place to settle in and explore the rest of the country
Built in the 4th century, its original name was Onogost. Remains of this old city are today a cultural and historic monument
In the picturesque valley of the rivers Cehotina and Brznica on the very North of Montenegro is located city of Pljevlja
Some legends say that Bijelo Polje got its name after white flowers that in spring covered this entire city
Situated in the fields of Cetinje, at the base of the Lovcen mountain, Cetinje is a treasure of Montenegrin cultural and historical heritage
Bar represents a modern town that is expanding every day. Although it is a port town, it is amazingly clean and has many developed green areas
Herceg Novi is recognisable by the abundance of mimosa trees and its numerous flights of stairs. It is a ‘city of the sun’, thanks to the large number of sunny days all year round
Berane is surrounded by highlands. On this region civilizations came one after another that left behind rich cultural heritage
Budva is the metropolis of Montenegrin tourism thanks to the great number of beaches and hotels that make this a most desirable tourist destination
Ulcinj is the southernmost city at Montenegrin coast. With its natural potential Ulcinj is tourism borne
Located in the central part of the Kotor Bay. Although it is the youngest town in the Boka region, Tivat has a lot of interesting and attractive destinations
Rozaje is city surrounded by magnificent mountains Hajla, Mokra gora, Krstac, Zljeb and Turjak. The Ibar River flows through it and forests cover all regions
Located along one of Wold’s most beautiful bays is Kotor, a city of traders and famous sailors, with many stories to tell
At the bank of the River Zeta in the middle Bjelopavlici valley is located city of Danilovgrad. It got its name after its idea creator Prince Danilo
On the vest bank of the Tara River between mountains Bjelasica and Sinjajevina is located a little city of Mojkovac
Plav is located at the feet of the mountain riff Prokletije on the springs of the river Lim. It is considered that it got its name after Roman Emperor Phlavius during the Roman rule
Kolasin is city on the North of Montenegro. Founded by Turks in 17th century, this small city is one of must visit places in Montenegro
Zabljak is the city on the highest altitude of the Balkans (1456m). Located in the very centre of enormous mountain of Durmitor – and in the middle of Durmitor National Park
Small and peaceful town at the banks of Piva Lake surrounded with gorgeous mountains. If you like fish and jazz festivals, this is a spot for you
The town of Andrijevica is a relatively new settlement, as its first rudiments begin in the middle of the nineteenth century
Small town located in mountain region in eastern Montenegro. Komarnica River and its breathtaking canyon Nevidio is just few kilometers away from here